Reverend William McGarvey papers, circa 1900 (MC 5)

Reverend William McGarvey (1861-1924) was an Episcopal priest in Philadelphia who founded a religious order in 1891 called the Congregation of the Companions of the Holy Saviour. Members of the order commit to vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience. McGarvey later left for the Roman Catholic Church after the adoption of the “open pulpit” resolution at the General Convention of the Episcopal Church in 1907. This resolution allowed clergy from other churches and denominations to speak freely in Episcopal churches and was a major change to the Episcopal canon that caused considerable division in the church, and led to other priests leaving for the Roman Catholic Church as well.

The Reverend William McGarvey papers contain 4 personal notebooks with handwritten sermon and lecture notes and outlines. One notebook is labeled “Philosophia”, which details McGarvey’s thoughts and observations on Lazarus, Marian devotion, Lenten symbolism, the “Temple of God,” and church doctrine in general. Also included are pages that have been removed from a notebook. The notebooks cover a wide range of theological matters, including youth, holy communion, mortality, and the Ascension of Christ.

Robert M. O’Reilly papers, 1862-1925 (MC 34)

Portrait photograph of Robert M. O'Reilly, circa 1870

circa 1870

Robert Maitland O’Reilly (1845-1912) was the 20th Surgeon General of the United States Army serving from September 7, 1902 to January 14, 1909. O’Reilly served a long military medical career beginning as a medical cadet in August 1862 during the Civil War. Other notable appointments include physician at the White House during both of President Grover Cleveland’s administrations, attending surgeon in Washington, D. C., and chief surgeon for several units during the Spanish-American War. He also served as a delegate at the International Conference for the Revision of the Geneva Convention in Geneva in 1906. During his time as surgeon general, O’Reilly made significant improvements by elevating the status and personnel of the army medical corps and furthering medical research.

This collection contains both personal and professional correspondence, much of which documents O’Reilly’s service during the Civil War. Also included are personal papers, including certificates of appointment and assignments, military circulars, and ephemera as well as a scrapbook documenting the 1906 Geneva Convention Conference.

0.4 Linear feet ; 1 box

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